Blood pressure monitoring in feeding arteries of cerebral arteriovenous malformations during embolization: a preventive role in hemodynamic complications

Neurosurgery. 1995 Dec;37(6):1041-7; discussion 1047-8. doi: 10.1227/00006123-199512000-00002.


To study the hemodynamics of arteriovenous malformations and to avoid hemodynamic complications during and after artificial embolization, we measured arterial blood pressures in 21 feeders in 14 patients through a microcatheter system. Before embolization, the pressures were significantly low in feeders with branches terminating in the malformation (terminal divided branches) and comparatively low in arteriovenous malformations with rapid blood flow through the malformation. The pressures in feeders with brain-nutrifying branches distal to the nidus (transient branches) were significantly high. Therefore, transient branches might be distinguishable from terminal divided branches with the use of feeder pressure monitoring. A hemorrhagic complication occurred in one patient. The feeder pressure in this patient was low before embolization and showed the maximum change among the patients after embolization. It seems that the lower the feeder pressure, the more likely complications are to occur, owing to remarkable hemodynamic alterations. Feeder pressure monitoring may be useful for preventing hemodynamic complications, especially when angiographic findings show feeding arteries giving off terminal divided or transient branches or rapid blood flow through the malformation.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Blood Flow Velocity / physiology
  • Blood Pressure / physiology
  • Blood Pressure Monitors*
  • Catheters, Indwelling
  • Cerebral Angiography
  • Cerebral Arteries / physiopathology
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / physiopathology
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / prevention & control
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / instrumentation*
  • Female
  • Hemodynamics / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations / physiopathology
  • Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations / therapy*
  • Intraoperative Complications / physiopathology
  • Intraoperative Complications / prevention & control*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monitoring, Intraoperative / instrumentation*