Cellular uptake of intracerebrally administered oligodeoxynucleotides in mouse brain

Regul Pept. 1995 Oct 20;59(2):143-9. doi: 10.1016/0167-0115(95)00096-t.


Intracerebral diffusion, cellular uptake and intracellular localization of oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) after their microinjection in mouse brains were examined. Using either tetramethylrhodamine-5-(and -6)-isothiocyanate (TRITC)- or gamma-33P ATP-labeled ODNs, it was found that both phosphodiester ODNs (D-ODN) and phosphorothioate ODNs (S-ODN) quickly diffused (up to about 500 microns) and were taken up by many cells around the injection site as early as 15 min after administration. Fluorescence labeling intensity and silver grain accumulation of D-ODNs were greatly reduced by 4 h after injection, whereas those of S-ODNs were stable beyond at least 8 h after injection. Most of labeled ODNs were found in neuronal cells as identified by immunocytochemistry for neurofilament, NF 200, and to a much lesser extent in astrocytic cells as identified by immunocytochemistry for glial fibrillary acidic protein.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Brain / cytology
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Diffusion
  • Female
  • Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein / metabolism
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Injections, Intraventricular
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense / metabolism*
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense / pharmacokinetics


  • Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense