Insertional inactivation of virR in Streptococcus pyogenes M49 demonstrates that VirR functions as a positive regulator of streptococcal C5a peptidase and M protein in OF+ strains

Dev Biol Stand. 1995;85:149-52.


Mutational analysis confirms the presence of a positively controlled virulence regulon in the OF+ lineage of S. pyogenes. Although there are differences in the organization of the virR regulon in OF+ and OF- strains, expression of these surface proteins is dependent on a VirR protein. In addition, it appears that production of OF is dependent on virR. The contribution of OF to the pathogenesis of S. pyogenes is unknown. The greater association of OF+ strains with impetigo compared to the greater association of OF- strains with pharyngitis [2] may indicate that production of apoproteinase is a contributing factor to skin infections.

MeSH terms

  • Adhesins, Bacterial*
  • Antigens, Bacterial*
  • Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins*
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins*
  • Endopeptidases / genetics
  • Genes, Bacterial*
  • Genes, Regulator*
  • Humans
  • Mutagenesis, Insertional
  • Peptide Hydrolases / genetics
  • Plasmids / genetics
  • Regulon
  • Streptococcus pyogenes / genetics*
  • Streptococcus pyogenes / metabolism
  • Streptococcus pyogenes / pathogenicity
  • Virulence / genetics


  • Adhesins, Bacterial
  • Antigens, Bacterial
  • Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Carrier Proteins
  • opacity factor
  • streptococcal M protein
  • Endopeptidases
  • Peptide Hydrolases
  • C5a peptidase