Tissue antigens in tubulointerstitial and vascular rejection

Kidney Int Suppl. 1995 Dec;52:S11-3.

Abstract

We propose that tissue-specific alloantigens are of importance in interstitial and vascular rejection. To study this hypothesis we took the following approaches: multivariate analysis on our database (N = 482) was performed, the specificity of T cells cultured from kidneys with rejection was analyzed, and non-anti-HLA antibodies reactive with endothelium were studied. First we observed that in a cohort study of 482 patients receiving a cadaveric renal allograft 76 (15.8%) patients developed vascular rejection and 115 (23.9%) developed interstitial rejection. The incidence of vascular rejection was increased in patients with delayed graft function, HLA-DR mismatches, a prolonged cold ischemia period, and previous transplantations. Next we examined 40 graft infiltrating cell (GIC) lines cultured from renal biopsies taken during rejection episodes. Thirteen GIC lines reacted in a donor-specific fashion to proximal tubular cells (PTEC) but not to donor splenocytes. These GIC recognize polymorphic tissue-specific peptides in the context of allo-MHC Class I. Finally, we studied if non-conventional allo-antigen systems on endothelial cells could be the target of the humoral immune response during vascular rejection. We found the endothelial monocyte (EM) system, and another system that is present on endothelial cells and platelets, which can be tested in an antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity assay (ADCC).

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Graft Rejection / immunology*
  • Graft Rejection / pathology
  • HLA Antigens / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Transplantation / immunology*
  • Kidney Transplantation / pathology
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / immunology
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / pathology*

Substances

  • HLA Antigens