X-linked myotubular myopathy: clinical observations in ten additional cases

Am J Med Genet. 1995 Nov 6;59(2):168-73. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.1320590211.


X-linked myotubular myopathy (XLMTM) is a recessively inherited disorder, lethal to males in the first months of life. Since the first report in 1969, at least 90 cases have been described in the literature. Diagnosis is confirmed by muscle biopsy. Linkage studies have localized the disorder to the Xq28 region, close to the loci for X-linked hydrocephalus and MASA syndrome. We report on 10 additional cases of XLMTM from six different families. In addition to classic clinical features of XLMTM, our patients showed interesting associated findings which included birth length > 90th centile and large head circumference with or without hydrocephalus in 70%, narrow, elongated face in 80%, and slender, long digits in 60% of cases. There was concordance in the occurrence and severity of hydrocephalus in most sib pairs. These features in a "floppy" male infant serve as clues for early clinical diagnosis of XLMTM, which can then be confirmed by muscle biopsy. Development of polyhydramnios was observed in the third trimester of an at-risk dizygotic twin gestation monitored by serial sonography with confirmation of XLMTM at birth.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Birth Weight
  • Child
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Genetic Linkage*
  • Head / pathology
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus / genetics
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Muscle Hypotonia / genetics
  • Muscles / pathology
  • Muscular Diseases / congenital
  • Muscular Diseases / genetics*
  • Muscular Diseases / pathology
  • Phenotype
  • Pregnancy
  • X Chromosome*