Two craniosynostotic patients with 11q deletions, and review of 48 cases

Am J Med Genet. 1995 Nov 6;59(2):193-8. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.1320590215.


Many chromosomal abnormalities have craniofacial manifestations. One such abnormality, partial monosomy of chromosome 11q, is associated with metopic synostosis and resultant trigonocephaly. We reviewed 48 published cases of 11q deletions and translocations. Eighty percent were associated with abnormal head shape. Also commonly found were hypertelorism, ptosis of the eyelids, wide or low nasal bridge, apparently low-set malformed ears, down-turned mouth, micro/retrognathia, digital and cardiac anomalies, and psychomotor retardation. We report on two patients referred for abnormal head shape. The first case had brachycephaly, flat occiput, hypertelorism, and maxillary hypoplasia. Karyotype was 46,XY,del(11)(q24.1-->qter). The second patient had trigonocephaly, hypotelorism, posteriorly angulated ears, horizontal crease below his lower lip, syndactyly, shawl scrotum, cryptorchidism, and inguinal hernias. Karyotype showed partial trisomy of chromosome 4q as well as partial monosomy of 11q [46,XY,11,+der(11)t(4;11) (q31.3;q25)], a combination not previously reported. Deletions of 11q appear to produce a wide spectrum of abnormalities.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Chromosome Aberrations
  • Chromosome Deletion*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4 / genetics
  • Craniosynostoses / genetics*
  • Female
  • Head / abnormalities
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Karyotyping
  • Male
  • Phenotype
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Translocation, Genetic