Cardiac rehabilitation as secondary prevention. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Clin Pract Guidel Quick Ref Guide Clin. 1995 Oct:(17):1-23.


This Quick Reference Guide for Clinicians highlights the conclusions and recommendations from Cardiac Rehabilitation, Clinical Practice Guideline No. 17, which was formulated by a panel representing the major health care disciplines involved in cardiac rehabilitation. The conclusions and recommendations were derived from an extensive and critical review of the scientific literature pertaining to cardiac rehabilitation, as well as from the expert opinion of the panel. This guide addresses the role of cardiac rehabilitation and the potential benefits to be derived in the comprehensive care of the 13.5 million patients with heart disease in the United States, as well as the 4.7 million patients with heart failure and the several thousand patients undergoing heart transplantation. This Quick Reference Guide for Clinicians highlights the major effects of multifactorial cardiac rehabilitation services: medical evaluation; prescribed exercise; cardiac risk factor modification; and education, counseling, and behavioral interventions. The outcomes of and recommendations for cardiac rehabilitation services are categorized as to their effects on exercise tolerance, strength training, exercise habits, symptoms, smoking, lipids, body weight, blood pressure, psychological well-being, social adjustment and functioning, return to work, morbidity and safety issues, mortality and safety issues, and pathophysiologic measures. Patients with heart failure and after cardiac transplantation, as well as elderly patients, are specifically addressed. Alternate approaches to the delivery of cardiac rehabilitation services are presented.

Publication types

  • Guideline
  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Exercise Therapy
  • Health Behavior
  • Health Status
  • Heart Diseases / mortality
  • Heart Diseases / psychology
  • Heart Diseases / rehabilitation*
  • Humans
  • Patient Education as Topic
  • Rehabilitation / methods