Gastroesophageal reflux. Diagnostic and therapeutic approaches

Pediatr Clin North Am. 1996 Feb;43(1):197-212. doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(05)70402-8.


The clinical challenge of determining the medical conditions that are associated with obvious symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux and what diagnostic tests are appropriate to define this relationship is substantial. To determine which infants may be suffering from pathologic conditions associated with subtle signs of gastroesophageal reflux is even more challenging. This determination is essential to avoid subjecting many healthy infants to costly and potentially invasive testing. This article focuses on the physiology, clinical presentations, diagnosis and evaluation, and therapy of gastroesophageal reflux.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Esophagoscopy
  • Fundoplication
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / complications
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / diagnosis*
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / physiopathology
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Food
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Manometry