The composition of glyphosate-tolerant soybean seeds is equivalent to that of conventional soybeans

J Nutr. 1996 Mar;126(3):702-16. doi: 10.1093/jn/126.3.702.

Abstract

One important aspect of the safety assessment of genetically engineered crops destined for food and feed uses is the characterization of the consumed portion of the crop. One crop currently under development, glyphosate-tolerant soybeans (GTS), was modified by the addition of a glyphosate-tolerance gene to a commercial soybean cultivar. The composition of seeds and selected processing fractions from two GTS lines, designated 40-3-2 and 61-67-1, was compared with that of the parental soybean cultivar, A5403. Nutrients measured in the soybean seeds included macronutrients by proximate analyses (protein, fat, fiber, ash, carbohydrates), amino acids and fatty acids. Antinutrients measured in either the seed or toasted meal were trypsin inhibitor, lectins, isoflavones, stachyose, raffinose and phytate. Proximate analyses were also performed on batches of defatted toasted meal, defatted nontoasted meal, protein isolate, and protein concentrate prepared from GTS and control soybean seeds. In addition, refined, bleached, deodorized oil was made, along with crude soybean lecithin, from GTS and control soybeans. The analytical results demonstrated the GTS lines are equivalent to the parental, conventional soybean cultivar.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acids / analysis
  • Carbohydrates / analysis
  • Fatty Acids / analysis
  • Food Handling
  • Glycine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Glycine / pharmacology
  • Herbicides / pharmacology*
  • Isoflavones / analysis
  • Lectins / analysis
  • Oligosaccharides / analysis
  • Phytic Acid / analysis
  • Plant Lectins
  • Plant Proteins / analysis
  • Raffinose / analysis
  • Seeds / chemistry*
  • Seeds / drug effects
  • Seeds / genetics
  • Soybeans / chemistry*
  • Soybeans / drug effects
  • Soybeans / genetics
  • Trypsin Inhibitors / analysis
  • Urease / analysis

Substances

  • Amino Acids
  • Carbohydrates
  • Fatty Acids
  • Herbicides
  • Isoflavones
  • Lectins
  • Oligosaccharides
  • Plant Lectins
  • Plant Proteins
  • Trypsin Inhibitors
  • stachyose
  • glyphosate
  • Phytic Acid
  • Urease
  • Raffinose
  • Glycine