Selective expression of a subset of measles virus receptor-competent CD46 isoforms in human brain

Virology. 1996 Mar 1;217(1):349-55. doi: 10.1006/viro.1996.0122.


The human cell surface protein CD46 is the main measles virus (MV) receptor. We analyzed the CD46 isoforms expressed in the brain of three patients who died with persistent MV infections and in an unaffected brain. Complete CD46 cDNAs were produced and found to code exclusively for CD46 isoforms with cytoplasmic tail 2. Selective expression of tail 2 isoforms was shown in a second control brain by Western blots with antibodies specific for each of the cytoplasmic tails. Binding of purified MV particles and virus-dependent cell fusion were tested after transient expression of brain-derived CD46 proteins in mouse cells. All the brain-derived proteins mediated MV binding and virus-dependent fusion. Isoforms containing both serine/threonine/proline (STP)-rich domains were more active in virus binding, whereas isoforms with only one STP domain were more efficient in mediating fusion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antigens, CD / biosynthesis*
  • Base Sequence
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Cell Fusion
  • Cell Line
  • DNA
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Measles / metabolism*
  • Membrane Cofactor Protein
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / biosynthesis*
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Receptors, Virus / biosynthesis*
  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis / metabolism
  • Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis / virology


  • Antigens, CD
  • CD46 protein, human
  • Mcp protein, mouse
  • Membrane Cofactor Protein
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Receptors, Virus
  • DNA