Uniparental isodisomy of chromosome 14 in two cases: an abnormal child and a normal adult

Am J Med Genet. 1995 Nov 20;59(3):271-5. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.1320590302.


Uniparental disomy (UPD) of a number of different chromosomes has been found in associated with abnormal phenotypes. A growing body of evidence for an imprinting effect involving chromosome 14 has been accumulating. We report on a case of paternal UPD of chromosome 14 studied in late gestation due to polyhydramnios and a ventral wall hernia. A prenatal karyotype documented a balanced Robertsonian 14:14 translocation. The baby was born prematurely with hairy forehead, retrognathia, mild puckering of the lips and finger contractures. Hypotonia has persisted since birth and at age one year, a tracheostomy for laryngomalacia and gastrostomy for feeding remain necessary. Absence of maternal VNTR polymorphisms and homozygosity of paternal polymorphisms using chromosome 14 specific probes at D14S22 and D14S13 loci indicated paternal uniparental isodisomy (pUPID). Parental chromosomes were normal. We also report on a case of maternal UPD in a normal patient with a balanced Robertsonian 14:14 translocation and a history of multiple miscarriages. Five previous reports of chromosome 14 UPD suggest that an adverse developmental effect may be more severe whenever the UPD is paternal in origin. This is the second reported patient with paternal UPD and the fifth reported with maternal UPD, and only few phenotypic similarities are apparent. Examination of these chromosome 14 UPD cases of maternal and paternal origin suggests that there are syndromic imprinting effects.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics*
  • Abortion, Habitual / genetics*
  • Adult
  • Chromosome Aberrations / genetics*
  • Chromosome Disorders
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genomic Imprinting
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature
  • Intellectual Disability / genetics*
  • Male
  • Meiosis
  • Minisatellite Repeats*
  • Phenotype
  • Pregnancy
  • Translocation, Genetic / genetics*