A method of using information on the location of markers to improve the efficiency of marker-assisted selection (MAS) in a population produced by a cross between two inbred lines is developed. The method is closer to mapping QTL than the selection index approaches to MAS described by previous authors. We use computer simulations to compare our method with phenotypic selection and two selection index approaches, simulations being performed on three genetic maps. The simulations show that whilst MAS can be considerably more efficient than phenotypic selection differences between the three MAS methods are slight. Which of the MAS methods is best depends on a number of factors: in particular the genetic map, the time scale under consideration ant the population size are of importance.