Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) directed against bactericidal/permeability increasing protein (BPI): a new seromarker for inflammatory bowel disease and associated disorders

Clin Exp Immunol. 1996 Apr;104(1):54-9. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2249.1996.d01-654.x.


It was our purpose to determine the immunodiagnostic value of ANCA directed against BPI in diseases known to be associated with ANCA, such as ANCA-associated vasculitides, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and the associated condition primary sclerosing cholangitis. The immunoreactivity of recombinant PBI (rBPI) was established in order to develop an ELISA specific for rBPI. By means of this assay, BPI-ANCA were assessed in sera of 178 patients with IBD or the associated disorder primary sclerosing cholangitis, 112 patients with ANCA-associated vasculitides, and in sera of 182 disease and 140 health controls. BPI-ANCA were found to be closely associated with IBD and primary sclerosing cholangitis (34% and 44% of ANCA-positive sera, respectively). By contrast, BPI-ANCA positivity was low (<10%) in the double-negative sera of patients with ANCA-associated vasculitides and in disease and health controls. BPI-ANCA appear to constitute an important marker for IBD and primary sclerosing cholangitis, but not for the ANCA-associated vasculitides.

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic
  • Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides
  • Autoantibodies / immunology*
  • Biomarkers
  • Blood Proteins / immunology*
  • Cholangitis, Sclerosing / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / immunology*
  • Membrane Proteins*
  • Vasculitis / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic
  • Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides
  • Autoantibodies
  • Biomarkers
  • Blood Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • bactericidal permeability increasing protein