A meta-analytic examination of the correlates of the three dimensions of job burnout

J Appl Psychol. 1996 Apr;81(2):123-33. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.81.2.123.


This meta-analysis examined how demand and resource correlates and behavioral and attitudinal correlates were related to each of the 3 dimensions of job burnout. Both the demand and resource correlates were more strongly related to emotional exhaustion than to either depersonalization or personal accomplishment. Consistent with the conservation of resources theory of stress, emotional exhaustion was more strongly related to the demand correlates than to the resource correlates, suggesting that workers might have been sensitive to the possibility of resource loss. The 3 burnout dimensions were differentially related to turnover intentions, organizational commitment, and control coping. Implications for research and the amelioration of burnout are discussed.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Achievement
  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Burnout, Professional / classification
  • Burnout, Professional / diagnosis*
  • Burnout, Professional / psychology
  • Depersonalization / classification
  • Depersonalization / diagnosis
  • Depersonalization / psychology
  • Humans
  • Personality Inventory
  • Self-Assessment
  • Social Support
  • Stress, Psychological / classification
  • Stress, Psychological / diagnosis
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology