Reactogenicity and immunogenicity of a protein-conjugated pneumococcal oligosaccharide vaccine in older adults

J Infect Dis. 1996 Apr;173(4):1014-8. doi: 10.1093/infdis/173.4.1014.

Abstract

Healthy adults > or = 50 years old were immunized with either pentavalent Corynebacterium diphtheriae C7 (beta197) cross-reactive material (CRM197) protein-conjugated pneumococcal vaccine (CV) containing 10 microgram each of capsular oligosaccharides from serotypes 6B, 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F or with licensed (23-valent, 25 microgram/serotype) pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PV). Adverse reactions, predominantly local in nature, occurred in 20 of 23 CV recipients versus 13 of 23 PV recipients (P<.05). Compared with mean postvaccination antibody concentrations in PV recipients, those induced by CV were not significantly different for serotypes 6B, 14, 18C, and 23F and were lower for 19F (P<.05). Six months later, reimmunization with PV of subjects who had initially received CV elicited a slight boost in antibody concentrations to levels that were not significantly higher than those achieved after the primary vaccination or than those in persons given a single dose of PV. Pneumococcal vaccines containing protein-conjugated oligosaccharides may offer no advantage over currently licensed preparations containing unconjugated polysaccharides for immunization of healthy older adults.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Antibodies, Bacterial / immunology
  • Bacterial Capsules / immunology*
  • Bacterial Vaccines / adverse effects
  • Bacterial Vaccines / immunology*
  • Corynebacterium diphtheriae / immunology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G / immunology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oligosaccharides / immunology*
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / immunology*
  • Time Factors

Substances

  • Antibodies, Bacterial
  • Bacterial Vaccines
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Oligosaccharides