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. 1996 Feb 15;24(4):619-27.
doi: 10.1093/nar/24.4.619.

Characterization of Intronic Uridine-Rich Sequence Elements Acting as Possible Targets for Nuclear Proteins During pre-mRNA Splicing in Nicotiana Plumbaginifolia

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Free PMC article

Characterization of Intronic Uridine-Rich Sequence Elements Acting as Possible Targets for Nuclear Proteins During pre-mRNA Splicing in Nicotiana Plumbaginifolia

M Gniadkowski et al. Nucleic Acids Res. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Introns of nuclear pre-mRNAs in dicotyledonous plants, unlike introns in vertebrates or yeast, are distinctly rich in A+U nucleotides and this feature is essential for their processing. In order to define more precisely sequence elements important for intron recognition in plants, we investigated the effects of short insertions, either U-rich or A-rich, on splicing of synthetic introns in transfected protoplast of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia. It was found that insertions of U-rich (sequence UUUUUAU) but not A-rich (AUAAAAA) segments can activate splicing of a GC-rich synthetic infron, and that U-rich segments, or multimers thereof, can function irrespective of the site of insertion within the intron. Insertions of multiple U-rich segments, either at the same or different locations, generally had an additive, stimulatory effect on splicing. Mutational analysis showed that replacement of one or two U residues in the UUUUUAU sequence with A or C residues had only a small effect on splicing, but replacement with G residues was strongly inhibitory. Proteins that interact with fragments of natural and synthetic pre-mRNAs in vitro were identified in nuclear extracts of N.plumbaginifolia by UV cross- linking. The profile of cross-linked plant proteins was considerably less complex than that obtained with a HeLa cell nuclear extract. Two major cross-linkable plant proteins had apparent molecular mass of 50 and 54 kDa and showed affinity for oligouridilates present in synGC introns or for poly(U).

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