Purpose: To examine patient outcomes from golf-related ocular injuries.
Methods: Retrospective case review of patients treated at the University of Michigan during the six-year period from November 1989 to October 1995.
Results: Of nine injuries treated in the six-year period, six of the patients with ocular injuries from golfing required enucleation. Seven of the injuries were from golf balls, and remaining two were injuries from golf clubs.
Conclusion: Although unpredictable and difficult to avoid, proper golf etiquette and safety may diminish the incidence of golf-related ocular injures.