Golf-related ocular injuries

Am J Ophthalmol. 1996 Apr;121(4):437-8. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9394(14)70441-6.


Purpose: To examine patient outcomes from golf-related ocular injuries.

Methods: Retrospective case review of patients treated at the University of Michigan during the six-year period from November 1989 to October 1995.

Results: Of nine injuries treated in the six-year period, six of the patients with ocular injuries from golfing required enucleation. Seven of the injuries were from golf balls, and remaining two were injuries from golf clubs.

Conclusion: Although unpredictable and difficult to avoid, proper golf etiquette and safety may diminish the incidence of golf-related ocular injures.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Eye Enucleation
  • Eye Injuries / etiology*
  • Eye Injuries / surgery
  • Female
  • Golf / injuries*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Orbit / injuries*
  • Orbit / surgery
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Vitreous Hemorrhage / etiology
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / etiology*
  • Wounds, Nonpenetrating / surgery