Rabphilin-3A, a putative target molecule of Rab3A small GTP-binding protein implicated in Ca2+-dependent exocytosis, consists of two functionally different domains: the N-terminal Rab3A-binding domain and the C-terminal two C2-like domains (C2A and C2B domains) interacting with Ca2+ and phospholipid. Here, we used the growth hormone (GH) co-expression assay system of PC12 cells in which expressed GH is released in response to high K+. Reduction of endogenous rabphilin-3A inhibited the Ca2+-dependent, high K+-induced GH release. Various rabphilin-3A mutants expressing an N-terminal, C-terminal, or C2B fragment, but not the rabphilin-3A mutant expressing a C2A fragment, inhibited the high K+-induced GH release. These results indicate that rabphilin-3A is involved at least in Ca2+-dependent exocytosis from PC12 cells and that the C2A and C2B domains have different functions.