Haemoperfusion in Amanita phalloides poisoning

J Trop Pediatr. 1995 Dec;41(6):371-4. doi: 10.1093/tropej/41.6.371.


Amanita phalloides is responsible for about 90 per cent of all fatal cases of mushroom intoxication. The amatoxins, the main toxic component of these fungi, are responsible for gastro-intestinal symptoms as well as hepatic and renal failure. Three brothers with Amanita phalloides poisoning were admitted with gastro-intestinal symptoms beginning 12 h after ingestion. Jaundice, hepatomegaly and neurological symptoms were not present, but liver enzymes were moderately increased. Alfa-amanitin was detected in sera of all patients. All patients underwent charcoal hemoperfusion and two of them had additional hemodialysis along with conservative therapy. Liver enzymes that showed a marked increase on the second day of therapy decreased to normal levels on the 28th day. All of our patients survived. This life saving role of early haemoperfusion in Amanita phalloides poisoning is emphasized.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Amanita*
  • Amanitins / blood
  • Charcoal
  • Child
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Hemoperfusion*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mushroom Poisoning / blood
  • Mushroom Poisoning / diagnosis
  • Mushroom Poisoning / therapy*
  • Turkey


  • Amanitins
  • Charcoal