Late coronary artery stenosis regression within the Gianturco-Roubin intracoronary stent

Am J Cardiol. 1996 Feb 1;77(4):247-51. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(97)89387-3.


The late angiographic outcome of the Gianturco-Roubin intracoronary stent has not been well defined. To investigate serial changes within the stent, we studied 23 patients (15 men and 8 women, median age 63) who had late angiographic follow-up ( > 1 year) after undergoing Gianturco-Roubin stenting for angioplasty-associated acute or threatened native coronary artery closure. Coronary angiography before and after stenting, at 6-month follow-up, and at late return was analyzed with quantitative coronary angiography. The median time from stent deployment to late angiographic follow-up was 27 months. As expected, stenting significantly increased the median minimal lumen diameter (MLD) acutely from 1.0 to 2.46 mm. Median percent diameter stenosis decreased from 66% to 18%. Although at 6 months there was a significant loss of the acute gain (median MLD decreased from 2.46 to 1.9 mm), with a corresponding increase in percent stenosis from 18% to 31%, late angiography demonstrated lesion regression, median MLD increasing from 1.9 to 2.15 mm (p = 0.004), and percent stenosis decreasing from 31% to 21% (p = 0.0026). No patient had a significant decline in minimal lesion diameter, and 5 patients had a > 50% increase in MLD at late follow-up. Linear regression analysis of 6-month MLD and late lumen gain suggested that lesions with the greatest regression were those with the lowest lumen diameters at 6-month angiography. Late angiographic analysis demonstrated significant lesion regression within the Gianturco-Roubin stent, which was sometimes dramatic. In suggesting that coronary arteriography at 6 months may underestimate the late angiographic benefit of intracoronary stenting, these data have important clinical implications, and imply that patients with a stable clinical course and angiographic stent restenosis may often be followed rather than routinely redilated.

MeSH terms

  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary
  • Constriction, Pathologic / diagnostic imaging
  • Constriction, Pathologic / therapy
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Coronary Disease / diagnostic imaging
  • Coronary Disease / therapy*
  • Coronary Vessels*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Recurrence
  • Stents*