Breast cancer in men

Surg Clin North Am. 1996 Apr;76(2):343-63. doi: 10.1016/s0039-6109(05)70443-6.


Aside from its much lower frequency, breast cancer in men is remarkably similar to the disease in women. The cause remains equally obscure; the clinical presentation, pathology, and natural history are similar; and men are probably as curable in similar circumstances. Men are generally older and in more advanced stages than women when diagnosed, the tumors are located more often beneath the nipple and are more often responsive to hormonal therapy, but otherwise differences are negligible. Stage and axillary node status are strong prognostic indicators. Modified radical mastectomy has replaced radical mastectomy for surgical treatment of early states, and systemic adjuvant therapy appears to improve the prognosis for cases with involvement of lymph nodes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Breast Neoplasms, Male* / epidemiology
  • Breast Neoplasms, Male* / therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Male
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Rate
  • Wisconsin / epidemiology