Molecular cloning and functional characterization of a rat pituitary G protein-coupled adenosine triphosphate (ATP) receptor

Endocrinology. 1996 May;137(5):1833-40. doi: 10.1210/endo.137.5.8612522.


There is increasing evidence that pituitary ATP receptors may play a novel role in modulating pituitary function. This work reports the isolation and expression of a pituitary ATP receptor gene clone from a rat pituitary complementary DNA library. The isolated clone (rpP2U) has a 1125-bp coding sequence flanked by 483 bp of 5' - and 422 bp of 3'-untranslated sequences. The deduced 374-amino acid product shows structural features common to other G protein-coupled receptors, and when stably transfected into a glioma cell line lacking endogenous ATP receptors, is functionally characterized as a P2U purinoceptor. Specifically, the ATP-induced intracellular Ca2+ mobilization in the transfected cells was inhibited by suramin, 2-methylthio-ATP had a modest stimulatory effect on intracellular Ca2+ mobilization, and beta, gamma-methylene ATP and alpha, beta-methylene ATP had no effect. The cloned receptor exhibited the agonist potency and efficacy profile of ATP approximately equal to uridine triphosphate > ADP approximately equal to uridine diphosphate > GTP. Such characteristics very closely mimic the pharmacologically defined P2U purinoceptor of primary rat gonadotropes and mixed sheep pituitary cells, and Southern blot analysis further indicates that there is only one allele in rat genome for the P2U purinoceptor. These findings suggest that the P2U purinoceptor is the predominant G protein-linked ATP receptor found in the pituitary.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / analogs & derivatives
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / pharmacology
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Southern
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Cloning, Molecular*
  • GTP-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Glioma
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neuroblastoma
  • Nucleotides / pharmacology
  • Pituitary Gland / chemistry*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2 / chemistry
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2 / genetics*
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2 / physiology
  • Suramin / pharmacology
  • Transfection
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Nucleotides
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2
  • Suramin
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • GTP-Binding Proteins
  • Calcium

Associated data

  • GENBANK/L46865