The caudal-type homeobox protein Cdx-2 binds to the colon promoter of the carbonic anhydrase 1 gene

Eur J Biochem. 1996 Mar 1;236(2):670-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1432-1033.1996.t01-1-00670.x.


Carbonic anhydrase 1 (CA1) is an abundant enzyme in colon epithelia. In the gastrointestinal tract, carbonic anhydrase is vital for NaCl resorption, alkalinization of gut contents, and absorption of short-chain fatty acids. The CA1 gene has two promoters, one of which is specifically active in colon epithelia and the other in erythroid cells. We are investigating the factors that regulate CA1 expression from the colon-specific promoter. Colon-specific deoxyribonuclease I hypersensitive sites (DHS) have been mapped close to the colon transcription initiation site (DHS6c) and in the upstream intron (DHS5c). Using electrophoretic mobility-shift assays to search the 650-bp region which contains DHS6c, we have identified sequences that bind a colon-specific factor (COF1) and by deletion analysis we have narrowed down the COF1-binding motif to a 17-bp sequence. A comparison of this motif with a protein-binding motif in the sucrase-isomaltase gene promoter, competition assays, and antibody studies indicate that COF1 is identical to the homeodomain protein Cdx-2. We propose that Cdx-2 plays an important role in the intestine-specific expression of CA1.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • CDX2 Transcription Factor
  • Carbonic Anhydrases / genetics*
  • Colon / enzymology*
  • DNA Primers / chemistry
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
  • Homeodomain Proteins / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Introns
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Trans-Activators
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • CDX2 Transcription Factor
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Trans-Activators
  • Carbonic Anhydrases

Associated data

  • GENBANK/S81738