Characterization and distribution of binding sites for [3H]-SR 141716A, a selective brain (CB1) cannabinoid receptor antagonist, in rodent brain

Life Sci. 1996;58(15):1239-47. doi: 10.1016/0024-3205(96)00085-9.


SR 141716A belongs to a new class of compounds (diarylpyrazole) that inhibits brain cannabinoid receptors (CB1) in vitro and in vivo. The present study showed that [3H]-SR 141716A binds with high affinity (Kd=0.61 +/- 0.06 nM) to a homogenous population of binding sites (Bmax=0.72 +/- 0.05 pmol/mg of protein) in rate whole brain (minus cerebellum) synaptosomes. This specific binding was displaced by known cannabinoid receptor ligands with the following rank order of potency SR 141716A > CP 55,940 > WIN 55212-2 = delta9-THC > anandamide. Apart from anandamide, all these compounds were found to interact competitively with the binding sites labeled by [3H]-SR 141716A. On the other hand, agents lacking affinity for cannabinoid receptors were unable to displace [3H]-SR 141716A from its binding sites (IC50 > 10 microM). In addition, the binding of [3H]-SR 141716A was insensitive to guanyl nucleotides. Regional rat brain distribution of CB1 cannabinoid receptors detected by [3H]-SR 141716A saturation binding and autoradiographic studies, showed that this distribution was very similar to that found for [3H]-CP 55,940. In vivo, the [3H]-SR 141716A binding was displaced by SR 141716A with ED50 values of 0.39 +/- 0.07 and 1.43 +/- 0.29 mg/kg following intraperitoneal and oral administration, respectively. Finally, the [3H]-SR 141716A binding sites remained significantly occupied for at least 12 hr following oral administration of 3 mg/kg SR 141716A. Taken together, these results suggest that SR 141716A in its tritiated form is a useful research tool for labeling brain cannabinoid receptors (CB1) in vitro and in vivo.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Binding, Competitive
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Brain / ultrastructure
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Male
  • Membranes / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Piperidines / metabolism*
  • Piperidines / pharmacokinetics
  • Piperidines / pharmacology
  • Pyrazoles / metabolism*
  • Pyrazoles / pharmacokinetics
  • Pyrazoles / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptors, Cannabinoid
  • Receptors, Drug / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Rimonabant
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Synaptosomes / metabolism
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Tritium


  • Piperidines
  • Pyrazoles
  • Receptors, Cannabinoid
  • Receptors, Drug
  • Tritium
  • Rimonabant