Increased MCP-1, RANTES, and MIP-1alpha in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of allergic asthmatic patients

Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1996 Apr;153(4 Pt 1):1398-404. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm.153.4.8616572.


Chemokines are cytokines that induce chemotaxis of inflammatory cells. We studied the presence of chemokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) obtained from nine allergic asthmatic patients and six nonsmoking normal individuals. The cells were pelleted, and ribonucleic acid (RNA) was extracted by using RNAzol B. BALF was assayed for monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), regulated upon activation in normal T cells, expressed, probably secreted (RANTES), macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The levels of MCP-1, RANTES, and MIP-1alpha were significantly higher in the asthma patients than in the control subjects (p<0.04). The concentrations of RANTES and MCP-1 correlated with the lymphocyte count in the BAL specimens (r = 0.61 and 0.68, respectively). BALF showed eosinophil chemotactic activity in vitro that was blocked by anti-RANTES and anti-MCP-3 antibodies. The total cellular RNA was reverse-transcribed and the complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) was amplified with the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for MCP-1, MCP-3, RANTES, MIP-1alpha, IL-8, and beta-actin. We found that messenger ribonucleic acids (mRNAs) for MCP-1, MCP-3, RANTES, MIP-1alpha, and IL-8 were produced by BAL cells from most asthmatic and normal subjects. We conclude that chemokines are produced in the airways, and that an increased recovery of MCP-1, RANTES, and MIP-1alpha is observed in allergic asthmatic patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Asthma / metabolism*
  • Asthma / physiopathology
  • Base Sequence
  • Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / chemistry*
  • Chemokine CCL2 / analysis*
  • Chemokine CCL2 / physiology
  • Chemokine CCL3
  • Chemokine CCL4
  • Chemokine CCL5 / analysis*
  • Chemokine CCL5 / physiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-8 / analysis
  • Lymphocyte Count
  • Macrophage Inflammatory Proteins
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Monokines / analysis*
  • Monokines / physiology


  • Chemokine CCL2
  • Chemokine CCL3
  • Chemokine CCL4
  • Chemokine CCL5
  • Interleukin-8
  • Macrophage Inflammatory Proteins
  • Monokines