Study objective: This study compares the safety and efficacy of HFA 134a salbutamol sulfate (Airomir in the 3M CFC-free system [3M Pharmaceuticals]) and CFC 11/12 salbutamol (Ventolin [Allen & Hanburys]) in a cumulative dose-response (1, 1, 2, 4, 8 inhalations at 30-min intervals) study in asthmatic patients.
Design: Randomized, single-blind, two-period cross-over study.
Participants: Twenty-four stable mild to moderate asthmatics.
Measurements and results: At all cumulative inhalations, the changes in FEV1 (absolute, percent, and percent predicted) and FVC were equivalent. There was also no significant difference in heart rate, serum potassium level, BP, 12-lead ECG, Holter monitor recordings, or adverse events. Both HFA 134a salbutamol sulfate and CFC 11/12 salbutamol displayed a significant dose-response for FEV1, FEF25-75%, FVC, serum potassium, heart rate, and systolic BP.
Conclusions: HFA 134a salbutamol sulfate and CFC 11/12 salbutamol produced clinically and statistically similar airway responses and side effects. These results indicate that HFA 134a salbutamol sulfate would be a safe and effective substitute for CFC 11/12 salbutamol.