Low frequency of loss of heterozygosity at the nevoid basal cell carcinoma locus and other selected loci in appendageal tumors

J Invest Dermatol. 1996 May;106(5):1141-4. doi: 10.1111/1523-1747.ep12340190.


Previous studies of loss heterozygosity (LOH) have revealed distinct patterns of allelic loss in some skin tumors. In basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) loss of heterozygosity is virtually restricted to chromosome 9, whereas in squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and actinic keratoses loss is more widespread involving chromosomes 3, 9, 13, and 17. Because there are histological similarities between BCCs and some appendageal tumors, and because lines of evidence suggest that BCCs are appendageal in origin, we carried out a limited allelotype in 41 appendageal tumors. The overall frequency of allelic loss was low (4 out of 247 informative loci; 1.6%). LOH was seen in a proliferating trichilemmal cyst (17p), a sebaceous epithelioma (17q), an eccrine porocarcinoma (17q), a trichoepithelioma (9q), and in two basal cell carcinomas showing eccrine or granular cell differentiation that were originally misdiagnosed (9Q). The pattern of loss in this mixed group of appendageal tumors shows differences from both BCCs and SCCs, and further emphasizes the unique genetic profile and behavior of BCCs. The finding of 9q loss in BCCs with eccrine or granular cell differentiation shows that 9q loss occurs in differential histological subtypes of BCCs.

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Basal Cell / genetics*
  • Chromosome Deletion*
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Humans
  • Skin Diseases / genetics
  • Skin Neoplasms / genetics*