Extramedullary hematopoiesis simulating posterior mediastinal tumors

Ann Thorac Surg. 1996 Mar;61(3):1003-5. doi: 10.1016/0003-4975(95)00954-X.


We report the case of a patient with intrathoracic extramedullary hematopoiesis presenting as a posterior mediastinal tumor in response to chronic hemolytic anemia. Noninvasive studies including chest roentgenograms, computed tomographic scans, magnetic resonance images, and nuclear scans can establish the diagnosis in most cases. In equivocal cases, transthoracic needle biopsy and open biopsy should be considered. Surgical resection is recommended only for patients with symptoms of compression.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anemia, Hemolytic / complications
  • Hematopoiesis, Extramedullary*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mediastinal Neoplasms / complications
  • Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Radiography