The effects of murine AIDS infection on endogenous antioxidant defenses in mice fed the AIN-76A liquid diet were investigated. C57BL/6 female mice were divided into 2 groups: one group was injected interperitoneally with LP-BM5 murine retrovirus (MAIDS) stock, and the other group served as the non-infected control. Two weeks after the infection, the mice were killed and livers were excised for biochemical analysis of the antioxidant defenses. Liver reduced glutathione (GSH) levels and activities of both cytosolic superoxide dismutase (SOD) and mitochondrial SOD were significantly depressed by MAIDS infection. Activities of glutathione reductase (GR) selenium (Se)-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) toward 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (CDNB) were not affected by MAIDS infection. A previous study by this laboratory using the Lieber-DeCarli (L-D) all purpose liquid diet caused a decline in total SOD activity and GPx activity, but not GSH levels. The results suggest that MAIDS infection depresses liver antioxidant defenses; however, MAIDS infection of mice fed the AID-76A liquid diet depresses different liver antioxidant defense parameters when compared to those of the mice fed the L-D all purpose liquid diet.