The pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of zileuton were determined after oral administration of single dose (600mg) and multiple dose regimens [600mg every 8 hours (q8h regimen) and 600mg every 6 hours (q6h regimen)] in 12 healthy male subjects aged 18 to 50 years. Steady-state park plasma concentration (Cmax), time to Cmax, apparent total plasma clearance, and apparent terminal phase volume of distribution values after the q8h and q6h regimens were 3.07 +/- 1.13 and 4.37 +/- 1.02 mg/L, 1.5 +/- 0.9 and 1.5 +/- 0.9 hours, 793 +/- 233 and 579 +/- 162 ml/min (47.6 and 34.7 L/h), and 179 +/- 126 and 115 +/- 29L, respectively (mean +/- SD). Trough zileuton plasma concentrations (Cmin) immediately before the morning dose were higher than Cmin immediately before the afternoon dose, suggesting a diurnal variation in the pharmacokinetics of zileuton. Accumulation of zileuton occurred with more frequent dose administration, although there was no unexpected accumulation of the parent drug or the N-dehydroxyzileuton metabolite. The q6h regimen of zileuton 600mg was superior to the q8h regimen in maintaining trough plasma concentrations of zileuton above 1.5 mg/L, corresponding to approximately 70 to 80% inhibition of leukotriene B4 biosynthesis.