Localization of subunits of transcription factors IIE and IIF immediately upstream of the transcriptional initiation site of the adenovirus major late promoter

J Biol Chem. 1996 Apr 12;271(15):8517-20. doi: 10.1074/jbc.271.15.8517.


The assembly of a preinitiation complex containing RNA polymerase II on promoter DNA is a complex process that involves several general transcription factors. Using 5-[N-(p-azidobenzoyl)-3-aminoallyl] photocross-linking, we previously determined the locations of the two large subunits of transcription factor (TF) IIA (A35 and A21), TATA box-binding protein (TBP), RNA polymerase II-associated protein (RAP) 30, and TFIIB along the Ad2 ML promoter. We have now localized TFIIE34 and RAP74 just upstream of the transcription start site. The two subunits of TFIIF, RAP74 and RAP30, cross-linked to nucleotides that probed adjacent spaces on the same face of the DNA helix beginning just downstream of TBP at -19 and extending to -5. Specific photocross-linking of TFIIE34 required the presence TFIIE56. In addition, TFIIE and RAP74 strongly stimulated cross-linking of RAP30 and the large subunits of RNA polymerase II to position -19. Our topological data support the idea that RAP74 and TFIIE34 may be involved in melting of the promoter DNA upstream of the initiation site.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenoviruses, Human / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Cross-Linking Reagents
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Photochemistry
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic*
  • RNA Polymerase II / metabolism
  • TATA-Box Binding Protein
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Transcription Factors, TFII*
  • Transcription, Genetic*


  • Cross-Linking Reagents
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • TATA-Box Binding Protein
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcription Factors, TFII
  • transcription factor TFIIE
  • RNA Polymerase II
  • transcription factor TFIIF