The renal effects of angiotensin II(AII) are attributed to AT1 receptors. In contrast, the function of renal AT2 receptors in unknown. Using a microdialysis technique, we monitored changes in renal interstitial fluid (RIF) prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and cyclic guanosine 3', 5'-monophosphate (cGMP) in response to dietary sodium (Na) depletion alone, or Na depletion or normal Na diet combined with the AT1 receptor blocker, Losartan, the AT2 receptor blocker, PD 123319 (PD), or angiotensin II, individually or combined in conscious rats. Na depletion significantly increased PGE2 and cGMP. During Na depletion, Losartan decreased PGE2 and did not change cGMP. In contrast, PD significantly increased PGE2 and decreased cGMP. Combined administration of Losartan and PD decreased PGE2 and cGMP. During normal Na diet, RIF PGE2 and cGMP increased in response to angiotensin II. Neither Losartan nor PD, individually or combined, changed RIF PGE2 or cGMP. Combined administration of angiotensin II and Losartan or PD produced a significant decrease in response of PGE2 and cGMP to angiotensin II, respectively. These data demonstrate that activation of the reninangiotensin system during Na depletion increases renal interstitial PGE2 and cGMP. The AT1 receptor mediates renal production of PGE2. The AT2 receptor mediates cGMP. AT2 blockade potentiates angiotensin-induced PGE2 production at the AT1 receptor.