Sociodemographic variation in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease

Can J Cardiol. 1996 Mar;12(3):271-7.


Objective: To estimate the prevalence and social correlates of cardiovascular disease.

Design: Population-based cross-sectional survey. Survey data were obtained through a standardized home interview and a clinic visit by trained nurses. The question sequence of the London School of Hygiene (the Rose Questionnaire) was used to identify the presence of definite angina, possible infarction, definite infarction, intermittent claudication and stroke.

Setting: Eight urban communities and rural areas in Saskatchewan in 1990.

Participants: A probability sample of 2167 noninstitutionalized men and women aged 18 to 74 years who participated in the Saskatchewan Heart Health Survey.

Main outcome measures: Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases.

Results: Among men, the prevalence of definite angina increased gradually with age from 1.7% (95% CI 0.6% to 2.7%) in the 18 to 34 year group, 3.8% (1.3% to 6.0%) in the 35 to 54 year group to 4.8% (2.8% to 8.3%) in the 55 to 74 year group, while the prevalence among women ranged from 2.5% (1.2 to 3.7%), 4.0% (1.6% to 6.5%) to 7.1% (5.1% to 11.6%) in these same age groups. The prevalence of possible angina, definite infarction, possible infarction and intermittent claudication increased with age as well, being higher in men than in women. Generally, the conditions were more prevalent among those with less education, lower income and those who were unemployed.

Conclusions: These findings indicate that there is sociodemographic inequality in the prevalence of these manifestations of cardiovascular disease, and there is a need for in-depth qualitative research into causal factors in this relationship and for targeted programs of health promotion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Angina Pectoris / epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Intermittent Claudication / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Saskatchewan / epidemiology
  • Saskatchewan / ethnology
  • Socioeconomic Factors