Inhibition of rat C6 glioblastoma tumor growth by expression of insulin-like growth factor I receptor antisense mRNA

Cancer Immunol Immunother. 1996 Jan;42(1):64-8. doi: 10.1007/s002620050252.


The expression of insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) antisense mRNA inhibits the growth of C6 rat glioblastoma cells both in vitro and in vivo [Cancer Res (1994) 54:2218]. Moreover, the injection of C6 cells expressing an antisense mRNA to the IGF-IR into syngeneic rats prevents subsequent wild-type tumorigenesis and induces regression of established tumors. For the study of immune function in syngeneic rats, C6 cells expressing either IGF-IR sense or IGF-IR antisense mRNA were injected and splenic lymphocyte function analyzed in vitro after 2 weeks. Cytotoxic, CD8+ lymphocytes from animals injected with IGF-IR antisense cells, but not from those treated with IGF-IR sense cells, proliferated in vitro in response to wild-type C6 cells. Wild-type C6 cells or IGF-IR-sense-RNA-expressing cells rapidly formed tumors upon subcutaneous injection into athymic nude mice. IGF-IR antisense cells were weakly tumorigenic, exhibiting a six- to tenfold increase in tumor latency. Injection of IGF-IR antisense C6 cells mildly delayed the development of wild-type tumors, and did not induce the regression of established wild-type C6 tumors in athymic nude mice. Thus, these findings demonstrate the stimulation of a cellular immune response in rats following the injection of IGF-IR antisense cells. However, studies of athymic nude mice indicate that expression of IGF-IR antisense mRNA also inhibits C6 cells tumorigenicity by additional mechanisms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cytotoxicity, Immunologic
  • Glioblastoma / immunology*
  • Glioblastoma / therapy*
  • Immunity, Cellular / immunology
  • Immunotherapy*
  • Lymphocyte Activation / immunology
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Mice, Nude
  • RNA, Antisense / biosynthesis
  • RNA, Antisense / genetics
  • RNA, Antisense / physiology*
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / physiology*
  • Rats
  • Receptor, IGF Type 1 / biosynthesis
  • Receptor, IGF Type 1 / genetics
  • Receptor, IGF Type 1 / physiology*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity


  • RNA, Antisense
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Receptor, IGF Type 1