Athletic knee injuries. Similarities and differences between Asian and Western experience

Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1996 Feb:(323):98-105.


The pattern and prevalence of knee injuries among athletes are different in Asia, Europe, and North America because of factors such as the different sporting cultures of the regions and the type of favorite sports. Sampling and data bias and the variable levels of diffusion of sports in the different parts of the world also are responsible for the variation. In this review, the knee emerges as the most commonly injured part of the body; such injuries present significant problems of mechanical block or instability that may compromise athletic performance. Sports specific injuries are delineated, and specific groups, such as children and adolescents, female, and master athletes, are reviewed in light of the characteristic patterns of knee injuries. Differences in the patients' attitude, health care systems, and consultations of traditional medical practitioners produce major differences in management styles. However, it is encouraging to find a concerted effort on all continents in the search for a better understanding of knee injuries and a more satisfactory coordination between clinical and basic science research in this field.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Asia / epidemiology
  • Athletic Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Athletic Injuries / ethnology
  • Athletic Injuries / therapy
  • Child
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison*
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Knee Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Knee Injuries / ethnology
  • Knee Injuries / therapy
  • North America / epidemiology