Pattern of postoperative pyrexia in Khartoum

East Afr Med J. 1996 Jan;73(1):78-80.

Abstract

The pattern of postoperative pyrexia in Khartoum was prospectively studied in 260 patients who underwent a variety of surgical operations. Ninety four patients (36.1%) developed postoperative pyrexia. The commonest causes of pyrexia encountered were wound sepsis (10%), malaria (9.6%) and respiratory tract infection (7.3%). Less frequent causes were urinary tract infection, thrombophlebitis, intra-abdominal sepsis and deep vein thrombosis. In 14.6% of the patients, the cause of pyrexia was undetermined. The risk factors for postoperative pyrexia were the patient's age, diabetes mellitus, obesity, preoperative chest infection, smoking, duration of surgery, operator's surgical experience and urethral catheterisation. The postoperative pyrexia was associated with 7.4% mortality rate which was due to intra-abdominal sepsis and pulmonary embolism. The incidence of postoperative pyrexia can be minimised by adequate preoperative preparation, meticulous surgical technique and good postoperative care.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Fever / etiology*
  • Fever / prevention & control
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Hospitals, Teaching
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infection Control
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology*
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Sudan