Suicidal plans in patients with acute stroke

J Nerv Ment Dis. 1996 May;184(5):274-80. doi: 10.1097/00005053-199605000-00002.

Abstract

The clinical correlates of suicidal thoughts were examined among a group of 301 patients with acute stroke. A total of 20 patients (6.6%) had suicidal thoughts. Previous history of stroke was associated with suicidal thoughts. Suicidal thoughts, however, were not related to severity of physical impairment. Most patients with suicidal thoughts met criteria for major depression. Other risk factors included younger age, poor social support, sensory deficit, and impaired cognitive function. Patients with suicidal plans had depression characterized by social withdrawal and brooding and self blame. Early identification of risk factors including the existence of depression may lead to effective therapeutic intervention.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / epidemiology
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / psychology
  • Cognition Disorders / diagnosis
  • Cognition Disorders / epidemiology
  • Cognition Disorders / psychology
  • Comorbidity
  • Depressive Disorder / diagnosis
  • Depressive Disorder / epidemiology
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Female
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurologic Examination
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Recurrence
  • Risk Factors
  • Sensation Disorders / diagnosis
  • Sensation Disorders / epidemiology
  • Sensation Disorders / psychology
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Suicide / psychology*
  • Suicide / statistics & numerical data