Interaction of FLC and late-flowering mutations in Arabidopsis thaliana

Mol Gen Genet. 1996 Apr 24;251(1):69-74. doi: 10.1007/BF02174346.


The phenotype caused by mutations that affect the timing of flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana has been most extensively analyzed in the Landsberg erecta (Ler) genetic background. In Ler, the late-flowering phenotype of FRIGIDA and mutations in LUMINIDEPENDENS is suppressed by the Ler allele of FLC. In this study, the interactions of nine mutations conferring late flowering with the FLC allele of the Columbia ecotype (FLC-Col), which does not suppress late flowering, were examined. The effect on flowering time of combining six of the mutations with FLC-Col was additive; plants containing FLC-Col with fd, gi, fwa, fha, ft, and fe flowered slightly later than plants containing these mutations with the Ler allele of FLC. In contrast, a synergistic effect was observed between FLC-Col and three mutations; fca, fpa, and fve plants became extremely late flowering when combined with FLC-Col. Maximum delay in flowering for the majority of the mutant strains required FLC-Col in a homozygous state, although for fpa and fe a single copy of FLC-Col allowed maximum lateness. In addition, the fd and fe mutations became more dominant in the presence of FLC-Col.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alleles
  • Arabidopsis / genetics
  • Arabidopsis / physiology*
  • Crosses, Genetic
  • DNA, Satellite / chemistry
  • Genes, Plant*
  • Genotype
  • Heterozygote
  • Homozygote
  • Mutation*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction


  • DNA, Satellite