Restriction landmark cDNA scanning (RLCS): a novel cDNA display system using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis

Nucleic Acids Res. 1996 Jan 15;24(2):289-94. doi: 10.1093/nar/24.2.289.


We have developed a new method, designated restriction landmark cDNA scanning (RLCS), which displays many cDNA species quantitatively and simultaneously as two-dimensional gel spots. In this method cDNA species of uniform length were prepared for each mRNA species using restriction enzymes. After the restriction enzyme sites were radiolabeled as landmarks, the labeled fragments were subjected to high resolution two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. In analyses of cDNA samples from adult mouse liver and brain (cerebral cortex, cerebellum and brain stem) we detected approximately 500 and >1000 discrete gel spots respectively of various intensities at a time. The spot patterns of the three brain regions were very similar, although not identical, but were quite different from the pattern for the liver. RNA blot hybridization analysis using several cloned spot DNAs as probes showed that differences in intensity of the spots among RLCS profiles correlated well with expression levels of the corresponding mRNA species in the brain regions. Because the spots and their intensities reflect distinct mRNA species and their expression level respectively, the RLCS is a novel cDNA display system which provides a great deal of information and should be useful for systematic documentation of differentially expressed genes.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacterial Proteins*
  • Base Sequence
  • Brain Chemistry
  • Brain Stem / chemistry
  • Cloning, Molecular / methods
  • DNA, Complementary / analysis*
  • Deoxyribonuclease BamHI
  • Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific
  • Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional / methods*
  • Genetic Techniques*
  • Liver / chemistry
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • DNA, Complementary
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Deoxyribonuclease BamHI
  • BglII endonuclease
  • Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific