A 60-kDa protein localised in adherens-type cellular junctions, and previously called aciculin, has been found to interact with the cytoskeletal proteins dystrophin and utrophin [Belkin, A. M. & Burridge, K. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 6328-6337]. In this study, we report the complete sequence of this protein, and show that it is a novel member of the phosphoglucomutase (PGM) family of proteins. The PGM-related protein (PGM-RP), which contains 506 amino acids (55.6 kDa), is smaller than PGM1 (566 amino acids, 61 kDa). The active site consensus sequences of prokaryotic and eukaryotic mutases are not conserved in PGM-RP, a finding consistent with the lack of enzymatic activity of PGM-RP in vitro, and the absence of a phosphorylated intermediate in vivo. The organisation of the PGM-RP gene is essentially identical to that of PGM1. We propose that the PGM-RP gene, which we have mapped to human chromosome 9qcen-q13, evolved from the PGM1 gene, and encodes a protein with a structural rather than an enzymatic role. PGM-RP is expressed predominantly in muscle with the highest levels in smooth muscle. The significance of the interaction between dystrophin/utrophin and an increasing number of cytoplasmic proteins including PGM-RP remains to be explored.