Translational regulation of vascular permeability factor by eukaryotic initiation factor 4E: implications for tumor angiogenesis

Int J Cancer. 1996 Mar 15;65(6):785-90. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0215(19960315)65:6<785::AID-IJC14>3.0.CO;2-3.


Studies aimed at elucidating the function of the protein synthesis factor eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (elF-4E) have demonstrated that overexpression of this protein results in marked cell phenotypic and proliferative changes, including neoplastic transformation of cells. These data suggest that elF-4E may somehow participate in the development and progression of tumors in vivo. In order to determine how elF-4E exerts its transforming effects, we examined vascular permeability factor (VPF) levels in cells transfected with an elF-4E vector. Cells overexpressing elF-4E showed an increase in intracellular, and an average 130-fold increase in secreted VPF protein levels (CHO 0.13+/-0.12 ng/ml; CHO-4E 20.5+/-12.5 ng/ml) over control cells. HUVEC growth induction revealed these VPF levels to be biologically active. Northern analysis revealed no difference in VPF transcript between the 2 cell lines. Polysome analysis showed that the VPF message in elF-4E-transfected cells was associated with the heavy polysomal regions, whereas the VPF message was associated with light polysomes in control cells. These data strongly suggest that enhanced VPF expression is achieved through translational regulation rather than transcriptional regulation in cells overexpressing elF-4E. This indicates that elF-4E-induced VPF expression may be an important factor in some forms of tumor angiogenesis and development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Northern
  • CHO Cells / cytology
  • CHO Cells / metabolism
  • CHO Cells / physiology
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Cell Division / physiology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cricetinae
  • Culture Media, Conditioned
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / biosynthesis*
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / genetics
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / physiology
  • Endothelium, Vascular / cytology
  • Endothelium, Vascular / drug effects
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4E
  • Humans
  • Lymphokines / biosynthesis*
  • Lymphokines / genetics
  • Lymphokines / physiology
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / genetics
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / metabolism
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / physiopathology*
  • Peptide Initiation Factors / physiology*
  • Protein Biosynthesis / physiology*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors


  • Culture Media, Conditioned
  • Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4E
  • Lymphokines
  • Peptide Initiation Factors
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors