Purpose: We determined whether 12 weeks of neoadjuvant testicular androgen ablation therapy using a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist could improve pathological outcomes in men undergoing radical retropubic prostatectomy for clinically localized (stages T1C, T2A and T2B) prostatic carcinoma.
Materials and methods: A total of 56 participants was randomized to receive either monthly injections of a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist at 4-week intervals followed by radical retropubic prostatectomy (28) or to undergo immediate radical retropubic prostatectomy alone (28). Operations were performed via similar technique and all prostatic specimens were processed histologically in their entirety.
Results: There was no improvement in pathological outcome using luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist preoperatively compared to surgery alone. Of 28 men undergoing immediate radical retropubic prostatectomy 23 had organ-confined (17) or specimen-confined (6) disease versus 22 of 28 who received luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone neoadjuvant therapy for 12 weeks preoperatively (16 with organ-confined and 6 with specimen-confined disease, p = 1.00). In addition, when the study population was analyzed by pretreatment prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels (10 ng./ml. or less, or greater than 10 ng./ml/) there was also no difference in pathological outcome (p = 0.65 for PSA greater than 10 and p = 0.32 for PSA less than 10).
Conclusions: Neoadjuvant androgen ablation therapy for 12 weeks before radical prostatectomy in patients with clinically localized adenocarcinoma of the prostate does not result in improved pathological outcomes.