4E-BP1 phosphorylation is mediated by the FRAP-p70s6k pathway and is independent of mitogen-activated protein kinase

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996 Apr 30;93(9):4076-80. doi: 10.1073/pnas.93.9.4076.


It has previously been argued that the repressor of protein synthesis initiation factor 4E, 4E-BP1, is a direct in vivo target of p42mapk. However, the immunosuppressant rapamycin blocks serum-induced 4E-BP1 phosphorylation and, in parallel, p70s6k activation, with no apparent effect on p42mapk activation. Consistent with this finding, the kinetics of serum-induced 4E-BP1 phosphorylation closely follow those of p70s6k activation rather than those of p42mapk. More striking, insulin, which does not induce p42mapk activation in human 293 cells or Swiss mouse 3T3 cells, induces 4E-BP1 phosphorylation and p70s6k activation in both cell types. Anisomycin, which, like insulin, does not activate p42mapk, promotes a small parallel increase in 4E-BP1 phosphorylation and p70s6k activation. The insulin effect on 4E-BP1 phosphorylation and p70s6k activation in both cell types is blocked by SQ20006, wortmannin, and rapamycin. These three inhibitors have no effect on p42mapk activation induced by phorbol 12-tetradecanoate 13-acetate, though wortmannin partially suppresses both the p70s6k response and the 4E-BP1 response. Finally, in porcine aortic endothelial cells stably transfected with either the wild-type platelet-derived growth factor receptor or a mutant receptor bearing the double point mutation 740F/751F, p42mapk activation in response to platelet-derived growth factor is unimpaired, but increased 4E-BP1 phosphorylation is ablated, as previously reported for p70s6k. The data presented here demonstrate that 4E-BP1 phosphorylation is mediated by the FRAP-p70s6k pathway and is independent of mitogen-activated protein kinase.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 3T3 Cells
  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Androstadienes / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Carrier Proteins*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cell Line
  • Enzyme Activation / drug effects
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factors
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppressive Agents / pharmacology
  • Insulin / pharmacology
  • Kidney
  • Kinetics
  • Mice
  • Nicotinic Acids / pharmacology
  • Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Phosphoproteins / isolation & purification
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Polyenes / pharmacology
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases / isolation & purification
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism*
  • Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases
  • Signal Transduction
  • Sirolimus
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / pharmacology
  • Wortmannin


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Androstadienes
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • EIF4EBP1 protein, human
  • Eif4ebp1 protein, mouse
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factors
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Insulin
  • Nicotinic Acids
  • Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Polyenes
  • SQ 20006
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate
  • Sirolimus
  • Wortmannin