Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) in the detection of focal liver lesions with respect to dose, side effects, and pulse sequence.
Materials and methods: A randomized double-blinded trial was performed in 33 patients with focal solid liver lesions. A bolus of Gd-EOB-DTPA, a liver-specific contrast agent, was intravenously administered at three different doses (12.5, 25, and 50 mumol per kilogram of body weight). Magnetic resonance imaging with different T1-weighted techniques was performed 20 and 45 minutes after administration of Gd-EOB-DTPA. Changes in liver signal intensity, lesion-liver contrast-to-noise ration (C/N), detectable liver lesions, side effects, and adverse events were evaluated.
Results: Gd-EOB-DTPA significantly (P < .05) increased liver signal intensity and lesion-liver C/N within the dose range tested. Lesion detection was improved 20 and 45 minutes after administration of Gd-EOB-DTPA. A dose of 12.5 mumol was sufficient for the detection of focal liver lesions, and the breath-hold, T1-weighted, fast low-angle shot pulse sequence was the most useful. No significant changes in vital signs, clinical laboratory test results, and urinalysis were observed.
Conclusion: Gd-EOB-DTPA is an efficient, diagnostically useful, and safe contrast agent.