Smoking and wound healing: a review

Tex Dent J. 1994 Jun;111(6):21-3.


It is now generally accepted that smoking impairs wound healing. This article briefly reviews wound healing and a number of local and systemic responses to smoking which may have deleterious effects on wound healing. It is important that dentists fully understand the deleterious effects of smoking on wound healing and that they fully explain to their patients who smoke the compromised tissue response and surgical results that can be anticipated.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Nicotine / adverse effects
  • Periodontal Diseases / etiology
  • Smoking / adverse effects*
  • Vasoconstrictor Agents / adverse effects
  • Wound Healing / drug effects
  • Wound Healing / physiology*


  • Vasoconstrictor Agents
  • Nicotine