T cells from baxalpha transgenic mice show accelerated apoptosis in response to stimuli but do not show restored DNA damage-induced cell death in the absence of p53

EMBO J. 1996 Mar 15;15(6):1221-30.

Abstract

Baxalpha was isolated due to its interaction with Bcl-2. Baxalpha overexpression in an interleukin (IL)-3 dependent cell line accelerates apoptosis upon removal of the cytokine. The ratio of Baxalpha to Bcl-2 appears to be crucial for the effect. To study the action of the bax gene product in vivo, we have generated transgenic mice overexpressing Baxalpha specifically in T cells. Such T cells show accelerated apoptosis in response to gamma-radiation, dexamethasone and etoposide. By crossing baxalpha mice with bcl-2 transgenics we show that the critical nature of the Baxalpha:Bcl-2 ratio holds in primary T cells and that it can be manipulated to elicit a strong response to previously resisted stimuli. p53 has a role in the regulation of apoptosis in response to DNA-damaging agents. p53 directly activates transcription of the bax gene. The presence of the baxalpha transgene accelerated apoptosis in thymocytes from both p53-l- and p53+l- mice in response to dexamethasone. Thymocytes from p53-l- mice with the baxalpha transgene showed similar resistance to apoptosis by DNA-damaging agents as did p53-l- mice without the transgene. Baxalpha overexpression alone cannot restore the DNA damage apoptosis pathway, suggesting that p53 is required to induce or activate other factor(s) to reconstitute the response fully.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis*
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA Damage
  • Glucocorticoids / pharmacology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Signal Transduction
  • T-Lymphocytes / drug effects
  • T-Lymphocytes / physiology*
  • Thymus Gland / cytology
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein

Substances

  • Bax protein, mouse
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein