In vitro analysis of the interactions between the PocR regulatory protein and the promoter region of the cobalamin biosynthetic (cob) operon of Salmonella typhimurium LT2

J Bacteriol. 1996 Apr;178(8):2196-203. doi: 10.1128/jb.178.8.2196-2203.1996.


The PocR protein of Salmonella typhimurium LT2 was overexpressed and used to demonstrate in vitro that it specifically binds to the cobalamin biosynthetic operon (cob) promoter region. Evidence is presented to show that PocR DNA-binding activity in vitro is regulated by the effector molecule 1,2-propanediol. Deletion analysis of the cob promoter (Pcob) suggested that two regions upstream of the promoter are needed for optimal activation of Pcob by PocR in vivo. DNase I footprinting experiments demonstrated that PocR binds to two sites within Pcob. The transcription initiation site of cob mRNA in response to 1,2-propanediol was identified and shown to be different from the one reported for transcription initiation under anoxic conditions in the absence of 1,2-propanediol.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism*
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
  • Operon
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic*
  • Protein Binding
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Salmonella typhimurium / genetics*
  • Trans-Activators*
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Vitamin B 12 / biosynthesis*


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • PocR protein, Salmonella
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Trans-Activators
  • Vitamin B 12