Adenylate cyclases: critical foci in neuronal signaling

Trends Neurosci. 1995 Dec;18(12):536-42. doi: 10.1016/0166-2236(95)98375-9.


Current findings show that adenylate cyclases comprise a heterogeneous multigene family, members of which are variously regulated by the alpha and beta gamma subunits of G proteins, by Ca2+ and by protein kinases. In the CNS, individual isoforms of adenylate cyclase are expressed discretely in select regions of the brain. At the subcellular level, adenylate cyclases can be concentrated into dendritic spines, thereby increasing their susceptibility to multiple regulatory influences. Altogether, such findings greatly expand knowledge of the potential role of this archetypical signaling system in the modulation of neuronal function.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenylyl Cyclases / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Neurons / chemistry
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Signal Transduction / physiology


  • Adenylyl Cyclases