Lower extremity bursitis

Am Fam Physician. 1996 May 15;53(7):2317-24.


Bursitis is a common cause of lower extremity pain in patients presenting to primary care physicians. Several bursae in the lower extremity account for most of these injuries, including the ischiogluteal, greater trochanteric, pes anserine, medial collateral, prepatellar, popliteal and retrocalcaneal. Often the symptoms are mild, with the patient successfully self-treating through activity modification and other conservative measures. A systematic approach to the evaluation and treatment of patients with bursitis, including prevention, relative rest, ice, compression, elevation, anti-inflammatory medication and treatment modalities such as ultrasound and electrical stimulation, combined with a structured rehabilitation program, will greatly facilitate the healing process.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use
  • Bursitis / diagnosis*
  • Bursitis / etiology
  • Bursitis / therapy*
  • Cryotherapy
  • Exercise Therapy
  • Humans
  • Leg*
  • Rest
  • Synovial Fluid / cytology
  • Synovial Fluid / microbiology


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal