Objective: To compare trabecular meshwork height in a series of patients with juvenile primary open-angle glaucoma (JPOAG) with that in normal control patients.
Methods: Ultrasound biomicroscopy and A-scan biometry were performed on 16 eyes with JPOAG and 24 normal eyes. A radial, perpendicular image in the horizontal temporal meridian detailing the line of Schwalbe, scleral spur, and angle anatomy was obtained for each eye by a single examiner. Trabecular meshwork height was defined as the distance from the scleral spur to the Schwalbe line.
Results: Mean patient age (P = .85, t test), refractive error (P = .68), sex distribution (P = .26, Fisher exact test) and axial length (P = .39) were similar between the groups. Mean +/- SE trabecular meshwork heights were 0.36 +/- 0.03 mm (range, 0.19-0.53 mm) for JPOAG and 0.58 +/- 0.02 mm (range, 0.40-0.80 mm) for controls (P < .001). Eyes with greater axial length tended to have larger trabecular meshworks in both groups (P = .012, multivariate regression). A trabecular meshwork height-axial length ratio of 0.021 or less was associated with a significantly increased risk for JPOAG being present (odds ratio, 57; 95% confidence interval, 6.0-541).
Conclusions: The trabecular meshwork is smaller in eyes with JPOAG compared with that in normal eyes. This finding suggests a structural abnormality that may underlie the reduced outflow.